Da cidade de Antalya é mais jovem em comparação com as outras cidades antigas da região alguns (Continuar, Lado, Aspendos, etc) Foi fundada pelo rei de Pérgamo “Attalos” em 158 B.C. e foi nomeado após seu fundador (Attaleia). Seu nome atual é o mesmo, apenas com uma ligeira mudança de pronúncia.
Antiokhos III., que era oen dos reis da “Seleukos kingdom”, one of the kingdoms founded in the period called by the historians as “Hellenistic period”, was defeated in the battle against the Roman and Pergamon armies (Magnesia, 190 A.C.) and had to undersign the treaty of “Apameia” (188). Meanwhile, the Roman army (commanded bye the consul Manlius Vulso), que entrou Anatolia para punir os rebeldes “Galatians, had turned this into a campaign of collecting the tribute. He collected money from the cities in Antalya region, made agreements with those and provided them the guarantee of Rome for independence.
Em 158 A.C., the Pergamon king “Attalos II.” partially captured Antalya region, but the guarantee of independence provided to the cities by Rome, the ally of Pergamon kingdom, was making him unable to do anything.
Having realized that he would not be able to make use of the sea ports on the shores of Pamphylia, Attalos founded the sea port city of “Attaleia” (today’s Antalya) in his own name.
When the sovereign Pergamon king left his kingdom to Rome by his will in 133 A.C., Antalya region was taken under the sovereignty of Rome.
Antalya would live under the Roman, Bizantino, Seljuk and Ottoman sovereignties, and while the other sea port cities disappeared one by one in time, this city would develop parallel to the socio-economical competition, and become the most prominent city of the region.