At the 5th km of the artery Kaş – Fethiye, the charcoal of the age-old city-limits of Xanthos are arresting aloft a acropolis at a acme of 100 m on the eastern coffer of the brook Eşen abounding through the apple Kınık. The name of the city-limits is “Sindawana” in the Luwian/Etruscan language, acceptation “the abode of the mother goddess Sindan”. Subsequently, as a aftereffect of a phonetic change this name became Xanthos, acceptation “yellow” in the Hellenic language. The city-limits was set up by the Etruscans/Luwians. During the Lycian era it was called as Arnna for a while.
The citizenry of the city-limits added with the advancing of those abiding from the Troian War forth with the added Anatolian peoples. Xanthos which served as the basic of the Lycian Federation accustomed in the 6th aeon B.C. was besieged by Harpago, the Persian Commander, in 540 B.C. Xanthians who clung to their ability courageously resisted to the occupiers. If rendered alone they aggregate women and accouchement in a architecture on the acropolis and set it on blaze and they themselves committed suicide by jumping off from the acropolis, 100 m high, into the brook Xanthos. 80 families who happened to be abroad during this time of accumulation suicide alternate to the city-limits afterwards a while and rebuilt the city. In 334 B.C. they resisted to Alexander, the Macedonian King, the way they did to Persians, however, in the end, they had to yield. Subsequently, the city-limits anesthetized into the easily of the Egyptians, Seleucids and Rhodians.
In 168 B.C. it was included aural the re-established Lycian Federation. With the amphibian business thriving, the city-limits went above the borders of acropolis and was adorned with new structures. In 42 B.C. if the Roman Brutus besieged the city, the city-limits folks, in the way their ancestors did centuries ago, set the city-limits on blaze in adjustment to anticipate the capturing of their women and accouchement by the adversary and committed suicide. According to the adventure the Romans were affected by this accident and they adored 150 humans from those.
In 41 B.C. Emperor Marcus Antonius encouraged the development of the city-limits and Xanthos which becoming the acknowledgment of the Roman Emperors during the Pax Romana aeon accomplished its heydays. The city-limits became the apostolic centre during the Byzantine era. It was broke and alone afterwards the Arab raids afterward the 7th aeon A.D. Advancing through the apple appear the north, the charcoal of the acropolis walls are seen. Climbing up from actuality one arrives at the agora of aboveboard plan. The obelisk/inscribed bedrock in the aboveboard is erected aloft a abundant burying chamber. The epigraph is inscribed in the Luwian/Etruscan accent and has a monolithic, bright structure. It has 250 curve and is inscribed on all four abandon of the massive rock. It is about the ballsy acts of Lycians in their war with the Persians.
In the south of the aboveboard is the theatre of which the foundations were laid during the 2nd aeon A.D.. It was congenital as it appears today during the Lycian era. Opramoas, of Rhodiapolis, donated 30 thousand Denarii to the architecture of the theatre. The caveas of the theatre with a basement accommodation of 8 thousand are disconnected into two with a diazoma. There are 16 tiers at the lower and 4 tiers at the top sections. The façade of the two-storeyed date architecture is bizarre with columns and reliefs. It has 5 date doors on the lower floor. Immediately to the west of the theatre aerial are two awe-inspiring tombs advised as the attribute of Xanthos, basic of Lycia. The aboriginal one of these is the Harpies Monument. It is in the anatomy of a burying alcove placed aloft a block rock ascent aloft a bright caked pillar, 8 m high. It is bizarre with the reliefs of descriptions of the ancestors of a Lycian hero, three men, women, pomegranade and siren. Their originals were banned to the British Museum in London and are on affectation in the anteroom of the aforementioned name there.
The cairn adjoining to this one is the rock belvedere and the Lycian blazon sarcophagus accustomed aloft a bright burying chamber, 5 m high. On the added ancillary of the theatre the charcoal of a alcazar and baptize cisterns acclimated to aggregate rainwater are noteworthy. The capital top allotment of the acclaimed Nereid Cairn is in the British Museum in London. The delineation of 12 dancing changeable Nereids in the reliefs gave this name to the monument. The city-limits has two necropolises with lion’s figures. On the western ancillary the additional agora of the city-limits and the charcoal of a basilica congenital during the Byzantine era are visible. Touristic canoeing and rafting tours are organized on the brook Eşen today.